1. 1 Cross Country (XC) XC is the most common discipline of mountain biking. While less publicised than....

    Cross Country (XC)

    XC is the most common discipline of mountain biking. While less publicised than downhill mountain biking, as it is more difficult to televise, it has the highest participation level among mountain biking. It is held on a varied terrain circuit, and it is normally around 6-8 kilometres long and is always a massed-start race. 

    Professional level races are longer in distance, around 50 km. Cross-country cycling became an Olympic sport in 1996 and is the only form of mountain biking practiced at the Summer Olympics. 

    Cathkin Braes will host the XC event at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow in 2014.

    The Scottish Cross Country Association(SXC) run the national series on behalf of Scottish Cycling. For more information visit www.sxc.org.uk   

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  2. 2 Downhill (DH) Basically travelling as fast as possible from the top of a hill to the bottom. DH is a.....

    Downhill (DH)

    Basically travelling as fast as possible from the top of a hill to the bottom. DH is a gravity-assisted time trial mountain biking event. Riders race against the clock, usually starting at intervals of 30 seconds (seeded from slowest to fastest), on courses which typically take two to five minutes to complete. The placing is determined by the fastest times to complete the course; races are often won by margins of under a second. 

    As the name of this discipline implies, downhill races are held on steep, downhill terrain, resulting in high speed descents, and with extended air time off jumps and other obstacles.

    The Scottish Downhill Association (SDA) run the national series on behalf of Scottish Cycling. For more information visit www.sda-races.com   

    If you have never experienced a DH event DMBinS would highly recommend visiting the Fort William Mountain Bike World Cup which has been consistently voted the best event of its kind in the world! 

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  3. 3 Freeride (FR) The term came from the concept of ‘freeriding’, in that there is no set course, goals or.....

    Freeride (FR)

    The term came from the concept of ‘freeriding’, in that there is no set course, goals or rules to abide by but rather a mixture of DH, 4X and Dirt Jumping. FR is a discipline of mountain biking closely related to downhill cycling and dirt jumping focused on tricks, style, and technical trail features.

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  4. 4 Four-cross (4X) As the name implies, 4X puts four riders on the same downhill course riding against each other over.....

    Four-cross (4X)

    As the name implies, 4X puts four riders on the same downhill course riding against each other over jumps, rough trails and large technical features. 4X is a relatively new style of mountain bike racing where four bikers race downhill on a prepared, BMX like, track, simply trying to get down first. 

    These bikes are generally either full suspension with 3 to 4 inches of travel, or hardtails, and have, typically, quite strong frames. 

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  5. 5 Marathon Mountain bike marathons are a very demanding form of mountain bike races covering.....

    Marathon

    Mountain bike marathons are a very demanding form of mountain bike races covering at least 40 kilometres usually in mountainous terrain. 

    Events held in Europe are typically just a little longer than the average cross country mountain bike race. 

    Marathon events in the USA and Canada are typically longer than 100 kilometres and are very different from cross country races.

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  6. 6 Bike Trials Trial riding is an extreme test of bicycle handling skills, over all kinds of.....

    Bike Trials

    Trial riding is an extreme test of bicycle handling skills, over all kinds of obstacles, both natural and man-made. 

    It now has a strong – though small – following worldwide, though it is still primarily a European sport. 

    Skills taken from trials riding can be used practically on any bicycle for balance, for example controlled braking and track standing, or balancing on the bike without putting a foot down. 

    Competition trial bikes are characterized by powerful brakes, wide handlebars, lightweight parts, single-speed low gearing, low tire pressures with a thick rear tire, distinctive frame geometry, and no seat.

    Scotland is home to, probably, the worlds most famous trials rider - Danny MacCaskill.

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  7. 7 Dirt Jumping Most riders jump for fun performing tricks; riders will spend their time at a site.....

    Dirt Jumping

    Most riders jump for fun performing tricks; riders will spend their time at a site repeating the same jumps many times. 

    Dirt Jumping, similar to freeride, it is a competition of skill, differing with that it involves the rider to jump off mounds of dirt to perform the best tricks with the best style. 

    It differs to freeriding that the jumps are usually much larger and designed to lift the rider higher into the air and the bike is different.

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  8. 8 Enduro Enduro is a relatively new format which is a stage-race format where the winner is the rider who.....

    Enduro

    Enduro is a relatively new format which is a stage-race format where the winner is the rider who accumulates the lowest combined time from the various timed sections. 

    Mountain bike enduro competitions typically take place over the course of 1 or 2 days, however, week-long enduro competitions do also exist. 

    A typical one-day enduro race consists of 3 to 5 timed "special" stages which take place on technically demanding, generally descending terrain. 

    These special stages are linked by predominantly ascending "liaison" stages. Although a rider's specific performance on the physically demanding liaison stages does not affect his or her result, the liaisons are often associated with a time-cut off (i.e. a latest permitted arrival at the summit of the next special stage).

    See our events page for Enduro events in Scotland.

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